The American people do not know that there are two Constitutions in the United States. No law can be made that does not conform to the constitution. They divide the power of the government into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. For that matter, who were "the people"? Every state constitution is different, and there are no standard ways that they differ from the US constitution and from each other. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Copyright ©2008-2020 ushistory.org, owned by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942. To put it an even simpler perspective: During the entire period of … also an additional question: Describe the general structure of the Massachusetts and Virginia governments as outlined by that state's constitution. The two men chosen to lead the new Republic, Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens, had fought and did not approve the secession of their States. C. can’t be amended. History. Though the word "slavery" does not appear in the Constitution, the issue was central to the debates over commerce and representation.The "Three-Fifths Compromise" provided that three-fifths (60%) of enslaved people in each state would count toward congressional representation, which greatly increased the number of congressional seats in several states, particularly in the South. During the Civil War (1861-65) and Reconstruction eras, four new constitutions were written by constitutional conventions and approved by the people (in 1861, 1865, 1868, and 1877). The purpose for US and Swiss constitutions are slightly different from one another. If you were an adult man who paid taxes, then you were allowed to vote or even to run for office. Still, kings are subject to emotions and cannot handle all necessary matters at once. Early State Constitutions. When John Adams described the Pennsylvania constitution, he only had bad things to say. That March 26, 1861 there were 7 slave States in the Confederacy and 8 slave States in the United States. STUDY. Each American state has its own rules and procedures that govern how its constitution can be amended.. State Constitutions The U.S. Constitution was actually the 14th such document of the new republic. Each state in the United States has its own constitution. How the State and U.S. Constitutions Are Similar, Paralegal: State Constitutions vs. Constitution - Constitution - Constitutional change: Written constitutions are not only likely to give rise to greater problems of interpretation than unwritten ones, but they are also harder to change. chillousm. Write. Describe the state constitutions that were more democratic and those that were less so. Each one had a legislature, legislature had two houses, each one had a governor. Spell. While most of these traditional exclusions from political participation have been ended in America today, age limitations remain, largely unchallenged. In other states, such as the United Kingdom, the constitution consists of many documents, laws, court rulings, and traditional practices that have never been compiled into a single document. Amending state constitutions See also: Article XXIII, South Dakota Constitution and Amending state constitutions. And the American states had all complete written constitutions before the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention took place. Every male adult was guaranteed the right to vote, regardless of race, imprisonment for debt was ended, and the first public schools were established. Created by. Most states give more power to the legislative branch because they were elected by the people. distinctions between these different types of constitutional provisions. Each state had been operating under its own constitution since the Revolution, although some were pretty much just the colonial charters without the word "king." But there are various ways state constitutions differ from the federal Constitution. In South Carolina, white men had to possess a significant amount of property to vote, and they had to own even more property to be allowed to run for political office. She graduated with a B.A. Following through on this logic, Massachusetts held a special convention in 1780 where specially elected representatives met to decide on the best framework for the new state government. Few people have read all the state constitutions, and so any generalization is likely to be contradicted by someone. Both constitutions were created as a consequence of liberation, from colonialism and the monarchy respectively, in order to promote The Republic, and they had behind them violent revolutions. The ways a state constitution can be amended or revised are: . What is or is not constitutional at both state and federal levels. In fact, these property requirements were so high that 90 percent of all white adults were prevented from running for political office! Most have a preamble, a bill of rights, establish an executive branch and outline the structure of the state’s governing body and have provisions for amendments to be made to them as situations arise, such as technology and growth. Terms in this set (13) In what ways were early state governments similar? This then is the backdrop of these state constitutions and why what is written in them does not constitute the establishment of religion in the sense of what had always constituted it in the past. 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